ASCII - The American Standard Code for Information Interchange is a
standard seven-bit code that was proposed by ANSI in 1963, and finalized in 1968. Other sources also credit much of the work on ASCII to work done in 1965 by Robert W. Bemer (http://www.bobbemer.com/). ASCII was established to achieve compatibility between various types of data processing equipment. Later-day standards that document ASCII
include ISO-14962-1997 and ANSI-X3.4-1986(R1997).
ASCII, pronounced "ask-key", is the common code for microcomputer equipment. The standard ASCII character set consists of
128 decimal numbers ranging from zero through 127 assigned to letters, numbers, punctuation marks, and the most common special characters. The Extended ASCII Character Set also consists of 128
decimal numbers and ranges from 128 through 255 representing additional special, mathematical, graphic, and foreign characters.